Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/50853
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Type: Journal article
Title: Identifying genetic traces of historical expansions: Phoenician footprints in the Mediterranean
Author: Zalloua, P.
Platt, D.
El Sibai, M.
Khalife, J.
Makhoul, N.
Haber, M.
Xue, Y.
Izaabel, H.
Bosch, E.
Adams, S.
Arroyo, E.
Lopez-Parra, A.
Aler, M.
Picornell, A.
Ramon, M.
Jobling, M.
Comas, D.
Bertranpetit, J.
Spencer Wells, R.
Tyler-Smith, C.
et al.
Citation: American Journal of Human Genetics, 2008; 83(5):633-642
Publisher: Univ Chicago Press
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 0002-9297
1537-6605
Contributor: Cooper, Alan
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Pierre A. Zalloua, Daniel E. Platt, Mirvat El Sibai, Jade Khalife, Nadine Makhoul, Marc Haber, Yali Xue, Hassan Izaabel, Elena Bosch, Susan M. Adams, Eduardo Arroyo, Ana María López-Parra, Mercedes Aler, Antònia Picornell, Misericordia Ramon, Mark A. Jobling, David Comas, Jaume Bertranpetit, R. Spencer Wells, Chris Tyler-Smith and The Genographic Consortium
Abstract: The Phoenicians were the dominant traders in the Mediterranean Sea two thousand to three thousand years ago and expanded from their homeland in the Levant to establish colonies and trading posts throughout the Mediterranean, but then they disappeared from history. We wished to identify their male genetic traces in modern populations. Therefore, we chose Phoenician-influenced sites on the basis of well-documented historical records and collected new Y-chromosomal data from 1330 men from six such sites, as well as comparative data from the literature. We then developed an analytical strategy to distinguish between lineages specifically associated with the Phoenicians and those spread by geographically similar but historically distinct events, such as the Neolithic, Greek, and Jewish expansions. This involved comparing historically documented Phoenician sites with neighboring non-Phoenician sites for the identification of weak but systematic signatures shared by the Phoenician sites that could not readily be explained by chance or by other expansions. From these comparisons, we found that haplogroup J2, in general, and six Y-STR haplotypes, in particular, exhibited a Phoenician signature that contributed > 6% to the modern Phoenician-influenced populations examined. Our methodology can be applied to any historically documented expansion in which contact and noncontact sites can be identified.
Keywords: Genographic Consortium; Chromosomes, Human, Y; Humans; Genetics, Population; Population Dynamics; Emigration and Immigration; Gene Frequency; Haplotypes; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Alleles; Geography; History, Ancient; Ethnic Groups; Mediterranean Sea; Male
Description: Copyright © 2008 by The American Society of Human Genetics. All rights reserved. University of Adelaide consortium member: Alan Cooper
RMID: 0020085604
DOI: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2008.10.012
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Australian Centre for Ancient DNA publications
Environment Institute Leaders publications

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