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Type: Journal article
Title: Is there a dietary requirement for DHA in pregnancy?
Author: Makrides, M.
Citation: Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 2009; 81(2-3):171-174
Publisher: Churchill Livingstone
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0952-3278
Statement of
Maria Makrides
Abstract: he metabolic demand for docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 n-3, DHA) is increased during pregnancy because of the extra needs of the fetus, expanded maternal cell mass and placenta. In Western countries maternal dietary DHA intake in pregnancy is low and it is not clear whether adaptive metabolic mechanisms, such as increased DHA synthesis from precursor fatty acids, are capable of meeting the increased DHA need in pregnancy. Consequently randomized controlled trials are important to determine whether additional dietary DHA in pregnancy modifies maternal or infant health outcomes. The available randomized comparisons of DHA supplements vs placebo have assessed outcomes as diverse as maternal depression, infant visual acuity and development, and infant growth and allergy. The outcomes of these trials have not been conclusive because they have often been limited by small sample size. On the other hand, large-scale trials assessing marine oil supplementation with large doses indicate that DHA supplementation in pregnancy is safe.
Keywords: DHA; Pregnancy; Infant development; Requirement
RMID: 0020091308
DOI: 10.1016/j.plefa.2009.05.005
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Appears in Collections:Paediatrics publications

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