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Type: Journal article
Title: Lymphatic mapping with Tc-99m-Evans Blue dye in sheep
Author: Tsopelas, C.
Bellon, M.
Bevington, E.
Kollias, J.
Shibli, S.
Chatterton, B.
Citation: Annals of Nuclear Medicine, 2008; 22(9):777-785
Publisher: Japanese Society Nuclear Medicine
Issue Date: 2008
ISSN: 0914-7187
Statement of
Chris Tsopelas, Max Bellon, Elaine Bevington, James Kollias, Sabah Shibli and Barry E. Chatterton
Abstract: Objective 99mTc-Evans Blue (EB) is an agent that contains both radioactive and color signals in a single dose. Earlier studies in animal models have suggested that this agent when compared with the dual-injection technique of radiocolloid/blue dye can successfully discriminate the sentinel lymph node. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of 99mTc-EB as an agent to map the lymphatic system in an ovine model. Methods Doses of 99mTc-EB (23 MBq) containing EB dye (4 mg) were administered intradermally to the limbs of four anesthetized sheep, and they were then imaged over 20–30 min using a gamma camera. The study protocol was repeated using 99mTc-antimony trisulfide colloid (ATC) and Patent Blue V dye. The lymph nodes (popliteal, inguinal, and iliac for hind limbs or prescapular for fore limbs) were identified with a gamma probe during the operative exposure, then dissected and counted in a large volume counter. Results Simple and complex (dual) drainage patterns were visible on the scans, and the sentinel node was more radioactive than higher tier nodes in a chain, for both radiotracers. For 99mTc-EB, maximum radioactive uptake was achieved at 3–6 min for popliteal lymph nodes, 12–14 min for iliac nodes, and 13–14 min for prescapular nodes. 99mTc-ATC resulted in maximum radioactive uptake at 4–6 min for popliteal lymph nodes, 13 min for an inguinal node, 13–20 min for iliac nodes, and 18 min for a prescapular node. Following 99mTc-EB injection, 15/15 lymph nodes harvested were all radioactive and blue. For 99mTc-radiocolloid/Patent Blue V injection, 8/14 nodes were radioactive and blue, and 6/14 nodes were radioactive only. Conclusions The soluble radiotracer 99mTc-EB appeared to be a useful lymphoscintigraphic agent in sheep, in which radioactive counts from superficial lymphatic channels and lymph nodes were sufficient for planar imaging. In comparison with 99mTc-antimony trisulfide colloid, both tracers discriminated the sentinel lymph node up to 50 min after administration; however, 99mTc-EB had the advantage of providing radioactive (gamma probe) and color signals simultaneously during the operative exposure.
Keywords: Radioactive blue dye; Lymphoscintigraphy; Sentinel lymph node; Evans Blue
RMID: 0020084043
DOI: 10.1007/s12149-008-0171-y
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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