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|Title:||Bone morphogenetic protein 15 and growth differentiation factor 9 co-operate to regulate granulosa cell function in ruminants|
|Citation:||Reproduction, 2005; 129(4):481-487|
|Publisher:||Bio Scientifica Ltd|
|Kenneth P. McNatty, Jennifer L. Juengel, Karen L. Reader, Stan Lun, Samu Myllymaa, Steve B. Lawrence, Andrea Western, Mohamed F. Meerasahib, David G. Mottershead, Nigel P. Groome, Olli Ritvos and Mika P. E. Laitinen|
|Abstract:||The oocyte-secreted polypeptide growth factors, growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15, also known as GDF9B) have both been shown to be essential for ovarian follicular development and ovulation rate. In addition, it is known from both in vivo and in vitro studies that these factors co-operate in some manner. To date, most studies examining the in vitro effects of these growth factors have used the rodent model. However, the evidence suggests that these growth factors have somewhat different roles between rodents and ruminants. Therefore, the objectives of these studies were to examine the effects of GDF9 and BMP15, alone and together, on the functions of ovine and bovine granulosa cells under in vitro conditions. Ovine (o)BMP15 given together with murine (m)GDF9 or oGDF9 was more potent in stimulating 3H-thymidine incorporation by ovine granulosa cells compared with each growth factor alone. For bovine granulosa cells, there appeared to be little or no co-operativity between oBMP15 and oGDF9 as oBMP15 alone was as potent as any combination of the two growth factors in stimulating 3H-thymidine uptake. The species of origin of GDF9 affected the progesterone response in ovine granulosa cells with mGDF9 stimulating and oGDF9 inhibiting progesterone production. Ovine BMP15 alone had no effect on progesterone production by ovine granulosa cells and these growth factors did not appear to co-operate. FSH-stimulated progesterone production by bovine granulosa cells was most potently inhibited when oBMP15 and murine or ovine GDF9 were administered together. As was observed for progesterone, the species of origin of GDF9 affected inhibin production by ovine granulosa cells where mGDF9 inhibited while oGDF9 stimulated production. Murine GDF9 also inhibited inhibin production from bovine granulosa cells. For both ovine and bovine granulosa cells, BMP15 alone had no effect on inhibin production and there did not appear to be any co-operation between GDF9 and BMP15. These results indicate that the effects of BMP15 and GDF9 varied with respect to the species of origin of the growth factor. Moreover, the effects of GDF9 and BMP15 together were often co-operative and not always the same as those observed for these growth factors alone.|
|Appears in Collections:||Aurora harvest 5|
Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications
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