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Type: Journal article
Title: The prevalence and causes of visual impairment in central Sri Lanka: The Kandy eye study
Author: Edussuriya, K.
Sennanayake, S.
Senaratne, T.
Marshall, D.
Sullivan, T.
Selva-Nayagam, D.
Casson, R.
Citation: Ophthalmology, 2009; 116(1):52-56
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0161-6420
Statement of
Kapila Edussuriya, Saman Sennanayake, Tissa Senaratne, Drew Marshall, Thomas Sullivan, Dinesh Selva and Robert J. Casson
Abstract: Objective: To determine the prevalence and causes of uncorrectable visual impairment in the Kandy District of central Sri Lanka. Design: Population-based, cross-sectional study. Participants: Inhabitants ≥40 years of age from villages in the Kandy District were selected by randomized cluster sampling; 1721 eligible participants were identified and 1375 participated in the study. Methods: The ophthalmic examination included best-corrected logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution visual acuity (VA), slit-lamp examination of the anterior segment, and dilated stereoscopic fundus examination. The principal cause of visual impairment after best correction was recorded. Main Outcome Measures: Visual impairment (better eye <6/18) and blindness (better eye <3/60) after best correction. Results: Comprehensive examinations, including VA, were performed on 1375 subjects (79.9% participation rate). The prevalence of blindness was 1.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.002–0.020; 15 participants). The prevalence of visual impairment was 5.9% (95% CI, 0.043–0.075; 81 subjects). Cataract and age-related macular degeneration were the main causes of visual impairment. Conclusions: Visual impairment remains a major public health problem in central Sri Lanka. Specific programs directed at reducing the cataract burden need to be implemented. Financial Disclosure(s): The authors have no proprietary or commercial interest in any materials discussed in this article.
Keywords: Humans; Blindness; Vision, Low; Eye Diseases; Health Surveys; Prevalence; Odds Ratio; Risk Factors; Cross-Sectional Studies; Visual Acuity; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Visually Impaired Persons; Rural Population; Health Services Research; Sri Lanka; Female; Male
RMID: 0020083970
DOI: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2008.08.034
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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