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Type: Journal article
Title: Roe deer and decapitated anemone flowers
Author: Wallach, Arian Dana
Inbar, Moshe
Shanas, Uri
Citation: Israel Journal of Plant Sciences, 2009; 57:103-106
Publisher: Laser Pages
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0792-9978
School/Discipline: School of Earth and Environmental Sciences
Statement of
Arian D. Wallach, Moshe Inbar and Uri Shanas
Abstract: The roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) has been locally extinct from the East Mediterranean since the beginning of the 20th century. A reintroduction program has been initiated in Israel where several deer have been released in the southern Carmel Mountains. The diet of roe deer is markedly different from that of other local ungulates. Their unique dietary preference for the generally unpalatable geophyte Anemone coronaria is especially notable. They typically consume anemone by "decapitating" the flowers, leaving the rest of the stem intact. We studied the consumption rate of anemone in four hand-reared deer in the Hai Bar Nature Reserve. During the flowering season, each deer consumed 65.5 ± 13.13 and 37.6 ± 13.85 anemone flowers/day in 2003 and 2004, respectively. These results indicate that roe deer may have a profound influence on anemone populations. Being secretive and flighty animals, roe deer are hard to detect. A preliminary survey conducted in Ramat HaNadiv Park, where a roe deer population of an unknown size exists, suggested that with proper calibration, the typical, easy-to-detect decapitated anemone flower might be used for monitoring roe deer presence and density.
Keywords: Anemone coronaria; diet; Mediterranean; reintroduction; roe deer
Rights: ©2010 Laser Pages
DOI: 10.1560/IJPS.57.1-2.103
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

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