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Type: Journal article
Title: Moderate energy restriction-induced weight loss affects circulating IGF levels independent of dietary composition
Author: Belobrajdic, D.
Frystyk, J.
Jeyaratnaganthan, N.
Espelund, U.
Flyvbjerg, A.
Clifton, P.
Noakes, M.
Citation: European Journal of Endocrinology, 2010; 162(6):1075-U90
Publisher: Bio Scientifica Ltd
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 0804-4643
Statement of
Damien P. Belobrajdic, Jan Frystyk, Nilani Jeyaratnaganthan, Ulrick Espelund, Allan Flyvbjerg, Peter M. Clifton and Manny Noakes
Abstract: <h4>Background</h4>Obesity is associated with major changes in the circulating IGF system. However, it is not clear to what extent the IGF system is normalized following diet, and the possible role of different types of diet is also unknown.<h4>Objective</h4>To compare changes in the circulating IGF system following 12 weeks of moderate energy restriction (7000 kJ/day) in overweight or obese males on a high protein high red meat diet (HP) or a high carbohydrate diet (HC).<h4>Design</h4>Seventy-six men (mean age, 51+/-1.0 years; body mass index, 32.8+/-0.5 kg/m(2)) were allocated to matched groups treated with isocaloric diets of HP (n=34) or HC (n=42). Outcome measures were weight, body composition, IGF-related peptides, homoeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA1-IR) and adipokines.<h4>Results</h4>Weight loss did not differ between diets (HP 8.5+/-0.6 kg; HC 8.2+/-0.6 kg, P>0.05). IGF-related peptides increased total IGF1 (HP 23%; HC 18%, P<0.0001), bioactive IGF1 (HP 18%; HC 15%, P<0.002), IGF1:IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3; HP 29%; HC 22%, P<0.0001) and IGFBP-1 (HP 24%; HC 25%, P<0.01). By contrast, decreases were observed in IGFBP-3 (HP -4%; HC -3%, P<0.01), pro-IGF2 (HP -3%; HC -6%, P=0.001), total IGF2 (HP -7%; HC -3%, P=0.001) and sIGF2R (HP -10%; HC -6%, P<0.005). Only IGFBP-2 increased differentially by diet (HP 34%; HC 50%, P<0.0001, diet P<0.05). Adiponectin increased in both diets, but leptin and HOMA-IR decreased (P<0.001).<h4>Conclusions</h4>Weight loss induced by moderate energy restriction modulated the IGF system independent of dietary protein or red meat content. The effect of diet on IGFBP-2 appeared to have limited biological effect as total IGF2 and pro-IGF2 did not change.
Keywords: Humans; Insulin Resistance; Obesity; Weight Loss; Blood Glucose; Insulin-Like Growth Factor I; Insulin-Like Growth Factor II; Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins; Body Mass Index; Diet; Patient Selection; Middle Aged; Male; Overweight
Rights: Copyright © 2010 by European Society of Endocrinology
RMID: 0020097814
DOI: 10.1530/EJE-10-0062
Appears in Collections:Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications

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