Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/61231
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Type: Journal article
Title: Smoking prevalence, its determinants and short-term health implications in the Australian Defence Force
Author: Barton, C.
McGuire, A.
Waller, M.
Treloar, S.
McClintock, C.
McFarlane, A.
D'este, C.
Citation: Military Medicine, 2010; 175(4):267-272
Publisher: Assn Military Surg US
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 0026-4075
1930-613X
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Christopher A Barton, Annabel McGuire, Michael Waller, Susan A. Treloar, Christine McClintock, Alexander C. McFarlane, Cate D'Esté
Abstract: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of smoking, identify the effects of deployment on smoking behavior and risk factors for smoking, and determine the short-term health outcomes associated with smoking in Australian Defence Force (ADF) personnel. Participants were randomly sampled from ADF members who deployed to the Solomon Islands between 2003 and 2005 and from a nondeployed comparison group. In total, 435 of 995 (44%) eligible individuals completed the study questionnaires. The prevalence of current smoking was highest in those who had completed less formal education and those who served in the Navy. Nearly two-thirds (63%) of current or former smokers smoked more while on overseas deployment. Current smokers were more likely to report current wheeze, shortness of breath, and persistent cough compared with nonsmokers. The ADF should continue to address cigarette smoking through its health promotion and health review programs and implement activities to reduce cigarette smoking on deployment.
Keywords: Humans; Prevalence; Risk Factors; Cross-Sectional Studies; Stress, Psychological; Smoking; Health Status; Adult; Military Personnel; Australia; Melanesia; Female; Male; Young Adult
Rights: Copyright of Military Medicine is the property of Association of Military Surgeons of the United States
RMID: 0020096609
DOI: 10.7205/MILMED-D-09-00287
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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