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Type: Conference paper
Title: Older drivers in rural and urban areas: Comparisons of crash, serious injury, and fatality rates
Author: Thompson, J.
Baldock, M.
Mathias, J.
Wundersitz, L.
Citation: Proceedings of the 2010 Australasian Road Safety Research, Policing and Education Conference, 2010: 10 p.
Publisher: Australian Transport Council
Publisher Place:
Issue Date: 2010
Conference Name: Australasian Road Safety Research, Policing and Education Conference (2010 : Canberra, ACT)
Organisation: Centre for Automotive Safety Research (CASR)
Statement of
Thompson, J.P.; Baldock, M.R.J.; Mathias, J.L.; and Wundersitz, L.N.
Abstract: Previous analyses of crash statistics have indicated that older drivers (aged 65 years and older) have fewer crashes than other age groups. However, they have an elevated crash risk on a per kilometre driven basis and are at an increased risk of death and serious injury from crashes. Rural older drivers may be particularly at risk due to a greater dependence on driving, which may create a reluctance to cease driving. It is often dem onstrated that motor vehicle crash fatality rates are higher in rural areas than urban areas. However, more research that compares the crash, serious injury, and fatality rates of rural and urban older drivers is required. A database of police-reported road crashes in South Australia, the Traffic Accident Reporting System, was used to obtain crash, serious injury, and fatality data for 2004 to 2008. The crash involvement of drivers of various age groups from both rural and urban areas was adjusted for population and licensure exposure measures. Crashes involving rural drivers aged 75 and over were more likely to have resulted in a serious or fat al injury than crashes involving their urban counterparts. The results indicate that rural older drivers present a unique road safety problem.
Keywords: Older drivers
crash rate
rural areas
urban areas
serious injury
Rights: Copyright retained by authors
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Centre for Automotive Safety Research conference papers

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