Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/66768
Citations
Scopus Web of Science® Altmetric
?
?
Type: Journal article
Title: Genetic manipulation of butyrate formation pathways in Clostridium butyricum
Author: Cai, G.
Jin, B.
Saint, C.
Monis, P.
Citation: Journal of Biotechnology, 2011; 155(3):269-274
Publisher: Elsevier Science BV
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 0168-1656
1873-4863
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Guiqin Cai, Bo Jin, Christopher Saint, Paul Monis
Abstract: Clostridium butyricum is one of the commonly used species for fermentative hydrogen production. While producing H₂, it can produce acids (lactic, acetic and butyric acids) and CO₂, as well as a small amount of ethanol. It has been proposed that elimination of competing pathways, such as the butyrate formation pathway, should increase H₂ yields in Clostridium species. However, the application of this strategy has been hindered by the unavailability of genetic tools for these organisms. In this study, we successfully transferred a plasmid (pMTL007) to C. butyricum by inter-specific conjugation with Escherichia coli and disrupted hbd, the gene encoding β-hydroxybutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase in C. butyricum. Fermentation data showed that inactivation of hbd in C. butyricum eliminated the butyrate formation pathway, resulting in a significant increase in ethanol production and an obvious decrease in H₂ yield compared with the wild type strain. However, under low partial pressure of H₂, the hbd-deficient strain showed increased H₂ production with the simultaneous decrease of ethanol production, indicating that H₂ production by C. butyricum may compete for NADH with the ethanol formation pathway. Together with the discovery of a potential bifurcating hydrogenase, this study extends our understanding of the mechanism of H₂ production by C. butyricum.
Keywords: hbd; Conjugation; Intron integration; Hydrogen production; Bifurcating hydrogenase
Rights: Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0020112370
DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2011.07.004
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute publications

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.