Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/66920
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Type: Journal article
Title: Compensatory density feedback of Oncomelania hupensis populations in two different environmental settings in China
Author: Yang, G.
Zhou, X.
Sun, L.
Wu, F.
Zhong, B.
Qiu, D.
Utzinger, J.
Bradshaw, C.
Citation: Parasites & Vectors, 2011; 4(1):133-1-133-7
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 1756-3305
1756-3305
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Guo-Jing Yang, Xiao-Nong Zhou, Le-Ping Sun, Feng Wu, Bo Zhong, Dong-Chuan Qiu, Jürg Utzinger and Corey JA Bradshaw
Abstract: Background: The most recent strategy for schistosomiasis control in the People's Republic of China aims to reduce the likelihood of environmental contamination of schistosome eggs. Despite considerable progress, it is believed that achievements would be further consolidated with additional intermediate host snail control measures. We provide an empirical framework for discerning the relative contribution of intrinsic effects (density feedback) from other extrinsic drivers of snail population dynamics. Methods: We set up experiments in two study locations to collect reproduction data of Oncomelania hupensis, the intermediate host snail of Schistosoma japonicum. We applied a set of four population dynamic models that have been widely used to study phenomenological time-series data to examine the properties of demographic density feedback patterns from abundance data. We also contrasted the obtained results with the component feedback of density on survival rate to determine whether adult survival was the principal driver of the demographic feedback observed. Results: Demographic density feedback models (Ricker- and Gompertz-logistic) accounted for > 99% of Akaike's information criterion model weight, with the Gompertz ranking highest in all O. hupensis population groups. We found some evidence for stronger compensatory feedback in the O. hupensis population from Sichuan compared to a Jiangsu population. Survival rates revealed strong component feedback, but the log-linear relationships (i.e. Gompertz) had less support in the demographic feedback analysis. Conclusions: Our findings indicate that integrated schistosomiasis control measures must continue to reduce parasite abundance further because intermediate host snail populations tend to grow exponentially at low densities, especially O. hupensis populations in mountainous regions. We conclude that density feedback in adult survival is the principal component contribution to the demographic phenomenon observed in the population fitness (r)-abundance relationship.
Keywords: Animals; Schistosomiasis japonica; Models, Statistical; Environmental Microbiology; Disease Vectors; Population Density; China; Female; Male; Gastropoda
Description: Extent: 7p.
Rights: © 2011 Yang et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
RMID: 0020112336
DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-4-133
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute Leaders publications

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