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Type: Journal article
Title: Local control and survival in spinal cord compression from lymphoma and myeloma
Author: Wallington, M.
Mendis, S.
Premawardhana, U.
Sanders, P.
Shahsavar-Haghighi, K.
Citation: Radiotherapy and Oncology, 1997; 42(1):43-47
Publisher: Elsevier Ireland
Issue Date: 1997
ISSN: 0167-8140
Statement of
M. Wallington, S. Mendis, U. Premawardhana, P. Sanders, K. Shahsavar-Haghighi
Abstract: BACKGROUND:Between 1979 and 1989, 48 cases of extradural spinal cord and cauda equina compression in patients with lymphoma (24) and myeloma (24) received local radiation therapy for control of cord compression. Twenty five (52%) of the cases were treated by surgical decompression prior to irradiation. Thirty five (73%) of the cases received chemotherapy following the diagnosis of spinal cord compression. Post-treatment outcome was assessed at a minimum follow-up of 24 months to determine the significant clinical and treatment factors following irradiation. RESULTS:Seventeen (71%) of the lymphoma and 15 (63%) of the myeloma patients achieved local control, here defined as improvement to, or maintenance of ambulation with minimal or no assistance for 3 months from the start of radiotherapy. At a median follow-up of 30 (2-98) for the lymphoma and 10 (1-87) months for the myeloma patients, the results showed that survival following local radiation therapy for cord compression was independently influenced by the underlying disease type in favour of lymphoma compared to myeloma (P < 0.01). The median duration of local control and survival figures were 23 and 48 months for the lymphomas compared to 4.5 and 10 months for the myeloma cases. Survival was also independently influenced by preservation of sphincter function at initial presentation (P < 0.02) and the achievement of local control following treatment (P < 0.01). DISCUSSION:We conclude that while disease type independently impacts on outcome following treatment of spinal cord compression in lymphoma and myeloma, within both of these disease types the achievement of local control of spinal cord compression is an important management priority, for without local control survival may be adversely affected.
Keywords: Spinal cord compression; Lymphoma; Myeloma
Rights: Copyright © 1997 Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
RMID: 0030000983
DOI: 10.1016/S0167-8140(96)01858-0
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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