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|Title:||Salt effects on aggregation of O-carboxymethylchitosan in aqueous solution|
|Citation:||Colloids and Surfaces B-Biointerfaces, 2006; 47(1):20-28|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science BV|
|Aiping Zhua, Sheng Dai, Lin Li and Feng Zhao|
|Abstract:||The effects of salt with different valences (NaCl, CaCl2 and CrCl3) on the aggregation of O-carboxylmethylchitosan (OCMCS) in dilute aqueous solution were investigated using viscometry, dynamic laser light scattering (DLS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). With increasing OCMCS concentration beyond a critical aggregation concentration (cac) of ∼0.045 g/l, the aggregation of OCMCS appears in solution. The driving forces of the OCMCS aggregation are intermolecular hydrogen bond, hydrophobic interaction and electrostatic repulsion. The OCMCS aggregation behavior strongly depends on the valence of salt. When NaCl is added, the aggregate size increases with NaCl concentration. When CaCl2 or CrCl3 is added to a given OCMCS concentration, there exists a critical concentration each of Ca2+ and Cr3+. Before the critical concentration, the aggregates decrease in size with increasing salt concentration due to the intra-aggregate complexation; while after the critical concentration, the size of the aggregates increases with salt concentration due to the inter-aggregate complexation. Moreover, the effect of Cr3+ on the OCMCS aggregation is greater than that of Ca2+. The formation of the intra-aggregate complexation is found to be a kinetic process and the aggregate size decreases with time; the formation of the inter-aggregate complexation is also kinetic where the aggregate size increases with time. The aggregates dominated by the intra-aggregate complexation are small, compact and spherical, while the aggregates dominated by the inter-aggregate complexation show the big, compact and spherical morphology.|
|Keywords:||O-Carboxymethylchitosan; salt; aggregation; complexation|
|Rights:||© 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Chemical Engineering publications|
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