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|Title:||Association between soft drink consumption and asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults in Australia|
|Citation:||Respirology, 2012; 17(2):363-369|
|Publisher:||Blackwell Publishing Asia|
|Zumin Shi, Eleonora Dal Grande, Anne W. Taylor, Tiffany K. Gill, Robert Adams and Gary A. Wittert|
|Abstract:||Background and objective: The aim of this study was to examine the association between soft drink consumption and self-reported doctor-diagnosed asthma and COPD among adults living in South Australia. Methods: Data were collected using a risk factor surveillance system. Each month a representative random sample of South Australians were selected from the electronic White Pages and interviews were conducted using computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI). Results: Among 16 907 participants aged 16 years and older, 11.4% reported daily soft drink consumption of more than half a litre. High levels of soft drink consumption were positively associated with asthma and COPD. Overall, 13.3% of participants with asthma and 15.6% of those with COPD reported consuming more than half a litre of soft drink per day. By multivariate analysis, after adjusting for socio-demographic and lifestyle factors, the odds ratio (OR) for asthma was 1.26 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01–1.58) and the OR for COPD was 1.79 (95% CI: 1.32–2.43), comparing those who consumed more than half a litre of soft drink per day with those who did not consume soft drinks. Conclusions: There was a positive association between consumption of soft drinks and asthma/ COPD among adults living in South Australia.|
|Keywords:||asthma; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; epidemiology; soft drink|
|Rights:||© 2011 The Authors. Respirology © 2011 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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