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|Title:||Diabetes risk score in the diagnostic categories of polycystic ovary syndrome|
|Citation:||Fertility and Sterility, 2011; 95(5):1742-1748|
|Publisher:||Elsevier Science Inc|
|Lisa J. Moran, Boyd J. Strauss and Helena J. Teede|
|Abstract:||<h4>Objective</h4>To assess the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and in different phenotypes of PCOS and controls.<h4>Design</h4>Cross-sectional study.<h4>Setting</h4>General community.<h4>Patient(s)</h4>Overweight premenopausal women with National Institutes of Health (NIH) PCOS (n = 29), non-NIH PCOS (n = 25), or controls (n = 27).<h4>Intervention(s)</h4>No intervention provided.<h4>Main outcome measure(s)</h4>Finnish Diabetes Risk Score, anthropometrics, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), glucose, insulin, and reproductive hormone levels.<h4>Result(s)</h4>The women with NIH PCOS had higher adiposity, abdominal adiposity and 120-minute OGTT glucose. The women with NIH and non-NIH PCOS had elevated 120-minute OGTT insulin compared with controls. The women with NIH (11.3 ± 0.7) and non-NIH PCOS (10.4 ± 0.7) had similar diabetes risk scores, but both had higher diabetes risk score compared with controls (7.6 ± 0.8) maintained on adjustment for age and body mass index (BMI). The women with NIH (4%) and non-NIH PCOS (12%) had a lower prevalence of low risk of diabetes scores compared with controls (50%).<h4>Conclusion(s)</h4>We report for the first time that women with NIH and non-NIH PCOS have similar Finnish Diabetes Risk Scores and elevated scores relative to controls independent of age and adiposity. Similar clinical screening and treatment practices for type 2 diabetes are warranted for both phenotypes of PCOS.|
|Keywords:||Humans; Polycystic Ovary Syndrome; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Diagnostic Techniques, Endocrine; Risk Factors; Case-Control Studies; Cross-Sectional Studies; Algorithms; Research Design; Adolescent; Adult; Middle Aged; Finland; Female; Young Adult|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2011 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Published by Elsevier Inc.|
|Appears in Collections:||Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications|
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