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|Title:||Orebody modelling for exploration: the Western Mineralisation, Broken Hill, NSW|
|Author:||Lotfolah Hamedani, M.|
|Citation:||Natural Resources Research, 2012; 21(3):325-345|
|Publisher:||Springer New York LLC|
|Mohammad Lotfolah Hamedani, Ian Rutherford Plimer, and Chaoshui Xu|
|Abstract:||The Western Mineralisation in the Broken Hill deposit was studied to identify the zonation sequence of lithogeochemical haloes along and across the strike of the orebody. Samples used are from 77 drill holes and the samples were assayed for Pb, Zn, Fe, S, Cu, Ag, Cd, Sb, Bi and As. Variogram analyses were calculated for all the elements and kriging was used to construct the 3D block model. Analysis of cross sections along and across the strike of the orebody shows that Bi and Sb form broader halos around sulphide masses and this suggests that they are pathfinder elements for the Pb and Zn elements of this orebody. The threshold concentrations (minimum anomaly) of the 10 elements were determined using the concentration-area analysis. On east–west vertical cross sections, the values of linear productivity, variability gradient and zonality index were calculated for each element. Based on the maximum zonality index of each element, the sequence of geochemical zonation pattern was determined from top to bottom of the orebody. The result shows that S, Pb, Zn and Cd tend to concentrate in the upper part of the mineralisation whereas Ag, Cu, Bi and As have a tendency to concentrate in the lower part of the mineralised rocks. Also, an empirical product ratio index was developed based on the position of the elements in the zonation sequence. The methods and results of this research are applicable to exploration of similar Zn and Pb sulphide ore deposits.|
|Keywords:||Broken Hill; Western Mineralisation; zonation; variogram; halo; pathfinder.|
|Rights:||© 2012 International Association for Mathematical Geology|
|Appears in Collections:||Geology & Geophysics publications|
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