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Type: Journal article
Title: Transverse spin structure of the nucleon from lattice QCD simulations
Author: Gockeler, M.
Hagler, P.
Horsley, R.
Nakamura, Y.
Pleiter, D.
Rakow, P.
Schafer, A.
Schierholz, G.
Stüben, H.
Zanotti, J.
Citation: Physical Review Letters, 2007; 98(22):222001-1-222001-4
Publisher: American Physical Soc
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 0031-9007
Statement of
M. Göckeler, Ph. Hägler, R. Horsley, Y. Nakamura, D. Pleiter, P. E. L. Rakow, A. Schäfer, G. Schierholz, H. Stüben, and J. M. Zanotti (QCDSF and UKQCD Collaborations)
Abstract: We present the first calculation in lattice QCD of the lowest two moments of transverse spin densities of quarks in the nucleon. They encode correlations between quark spin and orbital angular momentum. Our dynamical simulations are based on two flavors of clover-improved Wilson fermions and Wilson gluons. We find significant contributions from certain quark helicity flip generalized parton distributions, leading to strongly distorted densities of transversely polarized quarks in the nucleon. In particular, based on our results and recent arguments by Burkardt [ Phys. Rev. D 72 094020 (2005)], we predict that the Boer-Mulders function h₁(super)⊥, describing correlations of transverse quark spin and intrinsic transverse momentum of quarks, is large and negative for both up and down quarks.
Keywords: QCDSF; UKQCD
Rights: ©2007 American Physical Society
RMID: 0020120162
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.222001
Appears in Collections:Chemistry and Physics publications

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