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Type: Journal article
Title: A chronic high fat diet alters the homologous and heterologous control of appetite regulating peptide receptor expression
Author: Kentish, S.
Wittert, G.
Blackshaw, L.
Page, A.
Citation: Peptides, 2013; 46:150-158
Publisher: Elsevier Science Inc
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0196-9781
Statement of
Stephen J. Kentish, Gary A. Wittert, L. Ashley Blackshaw, Amanda J. Page
Abstract: Leptin, ghrelin and neuropeptide W (NPW) modulate vagal afferent activity, which may underlie their appetite regulatory actions. High fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity induces changes in the plasma levels of these peptides and alters the expression of receptors on vagal afferents. We investigated homologous and heterologous receptor regulation by leptin, ghrelin and NPW. Mice were fed (12 weeks) a standard laboratory diet (SLD) or HFD. Nodose ganglia were cultured overnight in the presence or absence of each peptide. Leptin (LepR), ghrelin (GHS-R), NPW (GPR7) and cholecystokinin type-1 (CCK1R) receptor mRNA, and the plasma leptin, ghrelin and NPW levels were measured. SLD: leptin reduced LepR, GPR7, increased GHS-R and CCK1R mRNA; ghrelin increased LepR, GPR7, CCK1R, and decreased GHS-R. HFD: leptin decreased GHS-R and GPR7, ghrelin increased GHS-R and GPR7. NPW decreased all receptors except GPR7 which increased with HFD. Plasma leptin was higher and NPW lower in HFD. Thus, HFD-induced obesity disrupts inter-regulation of appetite regulatory receptors in vagal afferents.
Keywords: HFD-induced obesity; Ghrelin; Leptin; NPW; CCK; Receptors
Rights: Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0020131449
DOI: 10.1016/j.peptides.2013.06.004
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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