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Type: Journal article
Title: Nilotinib versus Imatinib for newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia
Author: Saglio, G.
Kim, D.
Issaragrisil, S.
le Coutre, P.
Etienne, G.
Lobo, C.
Pasquini, R.
Clark, R.
Hochhaus, A.
Hughes, T.
Gallagher, N.
Hoenekopp, A.
Haque, A.
Dong, M.
Larson, R.
Kantarjian, H.
Citation: New England Journal of Medicine, 2010; 362(24):2251-2259
Publisher: Massachusetts Medical Soc
Issue Date: 2010
ISSN: 0028-4793
Statement of
Giuseppe Saglio, Dong-Wook Kim, Surapol Issaragrisil, Philipp le Coutre, Gabriel Etienne, Clarisse Lobo, Ricardo Pasquini, Richard E. Clark, Andreas Hochhaus, Timothy P. Hughes, Gallagher, Albert Hoenekopp, Mei Dong, Ariful Haque, Richard A. Larson, and Hagop M. Kantarjian for the ENESTnd Investigators
Abstract: BACKGROUND Nilotinib has been shown to be a more potent inhibitor of BCR-ABL than imatinib. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of nilotinib, as compared with imatinib, in patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome–positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in the chronic phase. METHODS In this phase 3, randomized, open-label, multicenter study, we assigned 846 patients with chronic-phase Philadelphia chromosome–positive CML in a 1:1:1 ratio to receive nilotinib (at a dose of either 300 mg or 400 mg twice daily) or imatinib (at a dose of 400 mg once daily). The primary end point was the rate of major molecular response at 12 months. RESULTS At 12 months, the rates of major molecular response for nilotinib (44% for the 300-mg dose and 43% for the 400-mg dose) were nearly twice that for imatinib (22%) (P<0.001 for both comparisons). The rates of complete cytogenetic response by 12 months were significantly higher for nilotinib (80% for the 300-mg dose and 78% for the 400-mg dose) than for imatinib (65%) (P<0.001 for both comparisons). Patients receiving either the 300-mg dose or the 400-mg dose of nilotinib twice daily had a significant improvement in the time to progression to the accelerated phase or blast crisis, as compared with those receiving imatinib (P = 0.01 and P = 0.004, respectively). No patient with progression to the accelerated phase or blast crisis had a major molecular response. Gastrointestinal and fluid-retention events were more frequent among patients receiving imatinib, whereas dermatologic events and headache were more frequent in those receiving nilotinib. Discontinuations due to aminotransferase and bilirubin elevations were low in all three study groups. CONCLUSIONS Nilotinib at a dose of either 300 mg or 400 mg twice daily was superior to imatinib in patients with newly diagnosed chronic-phase Philadelphia chromosome–positive CML. ( number, NCT00471497.)
Keywords: ENESTnd Investigators
Blast Crisis
Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase
Disease Progression
Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Aged, 80 and over
Middle Aged
Young Adult
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Imatinib Mesylate
Rights: Copyright © 2010 Massachusetts Medical Society. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa0912614
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