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Type: Journal article
Title: Stimulation of mitochondrial embryo metabolism via dichloroacetate acid in an aged mouse model improves embryo development and viability
Author: McPherson, N.
Zander-Fox, D.
Lane, M.
Citation: Fertility and Sterility, 2014; 101(5):1458-1466
Publisher: Elsevier
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0015-0282
Organisation: Robinson Institute
Statement of
Nicole O. McPherson, Deirdre Zander-Fox, and Michelle Lane
Abstract: OBJECTIVE To determine whether supplementation of embryo culture media with a substrate to stimulate mitochondrial activity improves embryo viability and pregnancy establishment in aged mice. DESIGN Female mice were superovulated and mated. Zygotes were collected and cultured in either G1/G2 or G1/G2 with 1.0 mM dichloroacetic acid (DCA), a stimulator of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. Embryos were cultured to the blastocyst stage and transferred into pseudopregnant female mice. SETTING University research facility. ANIMAL(S) Swiss female mice 26- to 28-week-old. INTERVENTION(S) The addition of DCA to the embryo culture media. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S) Embryo development, total, trophectoderm, inner cell mass (ICM) and epiblast cell number, mitochondrial membrane potential, reactive oxygen species, pyruvate oxidation, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) output, implantation rates, and fetal and placental size and weights. RESULT(S) Supplementation of the embryo culture medium with DCA significantly increased blastocyst development rates in vitro, significantly improved total, trophectoderm, and ICM cell numbers and pluripotency of the ICM, significantly increased pyruvate oxidation and ATP output, and significantly increased fetal weights and size comparable to in vivo conditions. CONCLUSION(S) This study demonstrates that the addition of DCA to embryo culture media improves mitochondrial output in embryos produced from aged mice. Although DCA itself may be of limited therapeutic value in a clinical setting due to its low threshold of dosage and high toxicity, this proof of concept study does suggest that the addition of a physiological-based mitochondrial stimulator to embryo culture media for aged women may potentially improve IVF outcomes.
Keywords: Embryo development; IVF; mitochondrial medicine
Rights: © 2014 by American Society for Reproductive Medicine.
RMID: 0030000016
DOI: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2013.12.057
Appears in Collections:Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications

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