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Type: Journal article
Title: Relationship between postprandial satiation and antral area in normal subjects
Author: Jones, K.
Doran, S.
Hveem, K.
Bartholomeusz, F.
Morley, J.
Sun, W.
Chatterton, B.
Horowitz, M.
Citation: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1997; 66(1):127-132
Issue Date: 1997
ISSN: 0002-9165
Statement of
K L Jones, S M Doran, K Hveem, F D Bartholomeusz, J E Morley, W M Sun, B E Chatterton, and M Horowitz
Abstract: The factors influencing appetite in humans are poorly understood. There is a weak relation between appetite and gastric emptying in normal subjects. Recent studies have shown that fasting and postprandial antral areas increase in patients with functional dyspepsia compared with normal subjects. We evaluated the hypothesis that antral area, and hence antral distention, is a significant determinant of postprandial fullness. Fourteen normal subjects had simultaneous measurements of gastric emptying by scintigraphy and antral area by ultrasound after ingestion of 350 mL 20% glucose. Fullness and hunger were assessed by visual analog scales. Measurements of the gastric-emptying half time (t1/2) by scintigraphy and ultrasound were not significantly different (129.6 +/- 11.8 min compared with 115.6 +/- 11.4 min). Fullness increased (P < 0.001) and hunger decreased (P < 0.001) after the drink. Both fullness and the magnitude of the increase in fullness after the drink were related to antral area (r > 0.56, P < 0.05), the increase in antral area (r > 0.59, P < 0.05), and the scintigraphic content of the distal stomach (r > 0.57, P < 0.05), but not to the ultrasound or scintigraphic t1/2 values. In contrast, hunger and the magnitude of the decrease in hunger after the drink were not related to either antral area, the increase in antral area, or the rate of gastric emptying. We conclude that postprandial fullness, but not hunger, was closely related to antral distention in normal subjects.
Keywords: Pyloric Antrum; Humans; Radionuclide Imaging; Ultrasonography; Hunger; Appetite; Gastric Emptying; Postprandial Period; Adult; Female; Male
Rights: © 1997 by The American Society for Clinical Nutrition, Inc
RMID: 0030005144
DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/66.1.127
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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