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|Title:||Inhibition of long-chain fatty acid metabolism does not affect platelet aggregation responses|
|Citation:||European Journal of Pharmacology, 1998; 356(2-3):207-213|
|Scott R. Willoughby, Yuliy Y. Chirkov, Jennifer A. Kennedy, Geraldine A. Murphy, Larissa P. Chirkova, John D. Horowitz|
|Abstract:||A number of anti-anginal agents (perhexiline, amiodarone, trimetazidine) have been shown to inhibit myocardial carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1, which controls access of long-chain fatty acids to mitochondrial sites of beta-oxidation. In view of clinical data suggesting that perhexiline improves symptomatic status in unstable angina pectoris, and the known role of mitochondrial beta-oxidation in platelet metabolism, we compared the platelet carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 inhibitory and putative anti-aggregatory effects of perhexiline, amiodarone and trimetazidine with those of specific carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 inhibitors: etomoxir and hydroxyphenylglyoxylate in both normal subjects and patients with stable angina. All of the compounds examined inhibited platelet carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 activity; rank order of potency etomoxir > malonyl-CoA > hydroxyphenylglyoxylate > amiodarone > or = perhexiline > trimetazidine. However, only perhexiline, amiodarone and trimetazidine inhibited platelet aggregation. We conclude that (a) the carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 inhibitors perhexiline, amiodarone and trimetazidine exert significant anti-aggregatory effects which may be therapeutically relevant and, (b) these effects are independent of carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 inhibition.|
|Keywords:||Perhexiline; Amiodarone; Trimetazidine; Platelet aggregation; Carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1; Etomoxir|
|Rights:||Copyright © 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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