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Type: Journal article
Title: Randomized controlled trial of maternal omega-3 long-chain PUFA supplementation during pregnancy and early childhood development of attention, working memory, and inhibitory control
Author: Gould, J.
Makrides, M.
Colombo, J.
Smithers, L.
Citation: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2014; 99(4):851-859
Publisher: American Society for Nutrition
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0002-9165
Statement of
Jacqueline F Gould, Maria Makrides, John Colombo, and Lisa G Smithers
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) accumulates in the hippocampus and frontal lobes of the fetal brain during the last trimester of pregnancy. These areas of the brain contribute to attention and working memory and inhibitory control (WMIC). OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effect of maternal omega-3 (n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in pregnancy on child attention and WMIC. DESIGN: A total of 185 term-born children of mothers who were randomly allocated to consume 800 mg DHA/d (treatment) or a placebo (control) from ∼20 wk of gestation until birth were assessed with multiple measures of attention and WMIC at a mean (± SD) of 27 ± 2 mo. Primary outcomes were the average time it took to be distracted when playing with a toy (distractibility) and the accuracy of remembering a new hiding location while inhibiting a learned response to search in the previous location (WMIC). RESULTS: Assessments were completed by 81 children in the treatment group (mean ± SD age: 835 ± 50.4 d) and 77 children in the control group (839 ± 65.6 d). There was no effect of supplementation on primary outcomes [distractibility mean difference: -0.2 s (95% CI: -0.7, 0.4 s); WMIC mean difference: 8.9 mm (95% CI: -10.6, 28.3 mm)]. There was no difference between DHA-supplemented and control groups except that treatment-group children looked away from the toys fewer times than controls when presented with multiple toys competing for attention but less accurately remembered a repeated hiding location. These secondary effects were not consistent with any other outcomes and may have been a result of chance. Cord plasma DHA was not consistently associated with attention and WMIC. CONCLUSION: Maternal DHA supplementation during pregnancy does not enhance attention or WMIC in term-born preschoolers. The DHA for Maternal and Infant Outcomes trial was registered at as ACTRN1260500056906.
Keywords: Fetal Blood
Fatty Acids, Omega-3
Cohort Studies
Follow-Up Studies
Double-Blind Method
Child Behavior
Child Development
Memory, Short-Term
Pregnancy Trimester, Second
Pregnancy Trimester, Third
Dietary Supplements
Child, Preschool
South Australia
Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Lost to Follow-Up
Inhibition, Psychological
Rights: © 2014 American Society for Nutrition
DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.113.069203
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 7
Paediatrics publications

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