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Type: Journal article
Title: Safety of gardening on lead- and arsenic-contaminated urban brownfields
Author: Defoe, P.
Hettiarachchi, G.
Benedict, C.
Martin, S.
Citation: Journal of Environmental Quality, 2014; 43(6):2064-2078
Publisher: American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 0047-2425
Statement of
Phillip P. Defoe, Ganga M. Hettiarachchi, Christopher Benedict, and Sabine Martin
Abstract: Elevated levels of lead (Pb) and arsenic (As) are not uncommon for urban soils. Test plots were established at urban gardens in Tacoma and Seattle, WA. The Tacoma site was contaminated with Pb (51-312 mg kg) and As (39-146 mg kg), and the Seattle site had high Pb soil concentrations ranging from 506 to 2022 mg kg and As concentrations of <20 mg kg. The efficacy of biosolids mix and compost amendment in reducing Pb and As concentrations in three vegetables (carrots, lettuce, and tomatoes) and the bioaccessibility of soil Pb and As were evaluated. Food-chain transfer of Pb and As were evaluated by measuring plant Pb and As concentrations after kitchen-style washing, a laboratory cleaning procedure, or peeling. The experimental design was a randomized complete block with a split-plot arrangement. Tacoma site treatments included a Class A biosolids mix (TAGRO) with dolomite, and soil at the Seattle site was amended with Cedar-Grove compost (CGC) plus dolomite. TAGRO amendment diluted soil Pb by 10 to 23% and As by 12 to 25% at the Tacoma site, and CGC + dolomite resulted in 20 to 50% dilution in soil Pb at the Seattle site. Both amendments reduced Pb concentrations in vegetables by 50 to 71%, and As reductions ranged from 46 to 80%. At the Tacoma site, Pb concentrations (dry weight basis) in carrots, lettuce, and tomatoes ranged from 8.89 to 25.0, from 0.37 to 3.83, and from 0.54 to 1.24 mg kg, respectively. Plant As concentrations were below 703 μg kg (dry weight) for the vegetables and followed the order lettuce > carrot > tomato. Food-chain transfer of Pb and As in vegetables grown in contaminated urban soils were reduced by laboratory cleaning.
Rights: Copyright © American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America.
RMID: 0030025612
DOI: 10.2134/jeq2014.03.0099
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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