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Type: Journal article
Title: Epi-fingerprinting and epi-interventions for improved crop production and food quality
Author: Rodriguez Lopez, C.
Wilkinson, M.
Citation: Frontiers in Plant Science, 2015; 6(June):397-1-397-14
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 1664-462X
Statement of
Carlos M. Rodríguez López, and Mike J. Wilkinson
Abstract: Increasing crop production at a time of rapid climate change represents the greatest challenge facing modern agricultural research. Much of our understanding of the genetic control of yield derives from controlled field experiments that seek to minimise variance in the growing environment. However, there is inevitably substantial residual variability among plants in their phenotype, development and yield attributable to Genotype x Environment (GxE) interactions. Recent advances in the field of epigenetics have revealed a plethora of gene control mechanisms that could account for much of this unassigned variation. These systems act as a regulatory interface between the perception of environmental variables and associated alterations in gene expression and provide exciting new opportunities for crop improvement. Direct manipulation of epigenetic control systems hold the enticing promise of creating new sources of variability that could enhance crop performance. Equally, understanding the relationship between various epigenetic states and responses of the crop to specific aspects of the growing environment (epigenetic fingerprinting) could allow for a more tailored approach to plant agronomy. In this review, we explore the many ways in which epigenetic interventions and epigenetic fingerprinting can be deployed for the improvement of crop production and quality.
Keywords: Finger printing; epigenetics; crop biotechnology; crop plants; crop quality; crop protection; crop improvement; priming
Rights: Copyright © 2015 Rodríguez López and Wilkinson. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
RMID: 0030030872
DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2015.00397
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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