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Type: Journal article
Title: Accelerated thermal cycling test of microencapsulated paraffin wax/polyaniline made by simple preparation method for solar thermal energy storage
Author: Silakhori, M.
Naghavi, M.
Metselaar, H.
Mahlia, T.
Fauzi, H.
Mehrali, M.
Citation: Materials, 2013; 6(5):1608-1620
Publisher: MDPI AG
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 1996-1944
Statement of
Mahyar Silakhori, Mohammad Sajad Naghavi, Hendrik Simon Cornelis Metselaar, Teuku Meurah Indra Mahlia, Hadi Fauzi, and Mohammad Mehrali
Abstract: Microencapsulated paraffin wax/polyaniline was prepared using a simple in situ polymerization technique, and its performance characteristics were investigated. Weight losses of samples were determined by Thermal Gravimetry Analysis (TGA). The microencapsulated samples with 23% and 49% paraffin showed less decomposition after 330 °C than with higher percentage of paraffin. These samples were then subjected to a thermal cycling test. Thermal properties of microencapsulated paraffin wax were evaluated by Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC). Structure stability and compatibility of core and coating materials were also tested by Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer (FTIR), and the surface morphology of the samples are shown by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM). It has been found that the microencapsulated paraffin waxes show little change in the latent heat of fusion and melting temperature after one thousand thermal recycles. Besides, the chemical characteristics and structural profile remained constant after one thousand thermal cycling tests. Therefore, microencapsulated paraffin wax/polyaniline is a stable material that can be used for thermal energy storage systems.
Keywords: Phase Change Materials (PCM); paraffin wax; energy storage; thermal reliability
Rights: © 2013 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (
DOI: 10.3390/ma6051608
Grant ID: UM.C/HIR/MOHE/ENG/21-(D000021-16001)
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