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Type: Journal article
Title: Myb-binding protein 1a (Mybbp1a) regulates levels and processing of pre-ribosomal RNA
Author: Hochstatter, J.
Hoelzel, M.
Rohrmoser, M.
Schermelleh, L.
Leonhardt, H.
Keough, R.
Gonda, T.
Imhof, A.
Eick, D.
Laengst, G.
Nemeth, A.
Citation: Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2012; 287(29):24365-24377
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0021-9258
Statement of
Julia Hochstatter, Michael Hölzel, Michaela Rohrmoser, Lothar Schermelleh, Heinrich Leonhardt, Rebecca Keough, Thomas J. Gonda, Axel Imhof, Dirk Eick, Gernot Längst and Attila Németh
Abstract: Ribosomal RNA gene transcription, co-transcriptional processing, and ribosome biogenesis are highly coordinated processes that are tightly regulated during cell growth. In this study we discovered that Mybbp1a is associated with both the RNA polymerase I complex and the ribosome biogenesis machinery. Using a reporter assay that uncouples transcription and RNA processing, we show that Mybbp1a represses rRNA gene transcription. In addition, overexpression of the protein reduces RNA polymerase I loading on endogenous rRNA genes as revealed by chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments. Accordingly, depletion of Mybbp1a results in an accumulation of the rRNA precursor in vivo but surprisingly also causes growth arrest of the cells. This effect can be explained by the observation that the modulation of Mybbp1a protein levels results in defects in pre-rRNA processing within the cell. Therefore, the protein may play a dual role in the rRNA metabolism, potentially linking and coordinating ribosomal DNA transcription and pre-rRNA processing to allow for the efficient synthesis of ribosomes.
Keywords: Cell line
Rights: © 2012 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.303719
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