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|Title:||Respiratory-related leg movements and their relationship with periodic leg movements during sleep|
|Citation:||Sleep, 2014; 37(3):497-504|
|Publisher:||Associated Professional Sleep Societies|
|Mauro Manconi, Irina Zavalko, Claudio L. Bassetti, Elisabetta Colamartino, Marco Pons, Raffaele Ferri|
|Abstract:||STUDY OBJECTIVES: To describe the time structure of leg movements (LM) in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome, in order to advance understanding of their clinical significance. LOCATION: Sleep Research Centre, Oasi Institute (IRCCS), Troina, Italy. SETTING: Sleep laboratory. PATIENTS: Eighty-four patients (16 females, 68 males, mean age 55.1 y, range 29-74 y). METHODS: Respiratory-related leg movements (RRLM) and those unrelated to respiratory events (NRLM) were examined within diagnostic polysomnograms alone and together for their distributions within the sleep period and for their periodicity. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Patients with OSA and RRLM exhibited more periodic leg movements in sleep (PLMS), particularly in NREM sleep. A gradual decrease in number of NRLM across the sleep period was observed in patients with RRLM. This pattern was less clear for RRLM. Frequency histograms of intermovement intervals of all LMs in patients with RRLM showed a prominent first peak at 4 sec, and a second peak at approximately 24 sec coincident with that of PLMS occurring in the absence of OSA. A third peak of lowest amplitude was the broadest with a maximum at approximately 42 sec. In patients lacking RRLM, NRLM were evident with a single peak at 2-4 sec. A stepwise linear regression analysis showed that, after controlling for a diagnosis of restless legs syndrome and apnea-hypopnea index, PLMS remained significantly associated with RRLM. CONCLUSION: The time structure of leg movements occurring in conjunction with respiratory events exhibit features of periodic leg movements in sleep occurring alone, only with a different and longer period. This brings into question the validity, both biologic and clinical, of scoring conventions with their a priori exclusion from consideration as periodic leg movements in sleep.|
|Keywords:||Leg; Humans; Sleep Apnea, Obstructive; Restless Legs Syndrome; Polysomnography; Sleep; Periodicity; Respiration; Movement; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Italy; Female; Male|
|Rights:||Copyright status unknown|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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