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|Title:||Antropyloroduodenal, cholecystokinin and feeding responses to pulsatile and non-pulsatile intraduodenal lipid infusion|
|Citation:||Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 2002; 14(1):25-33|
|Publisher:||Blackwell Science Ltd|
|R. Vozzo, Y-C. Su, R. J. Fraser, G. A. Wittert, M. Horowitz, C. H. Malbert, A. Shulkes, T. Volombello & I. M. Chapman|
|Abstract:||The contribution of the pulsatile nature of gastric emptying to small intestinal feedback mechanisms modulating antropyloroduodenal motility and appetite is unknown. On separate days, eight healthy male volunteers (18-34 years) received randomized, single-blind, intraduodenal (ID) infusions of 10% Intralipid (2 kcal min(-1)), either continuously [CID], or in a pulsatile manner [PID] (5 s on/15 s off) and 0.9% saline (control) administered continuously, each at a rate of 1.8 mL min(-1) for 3 h. During each infusion, subjective ratings of appetite were assessed and antropyloroduodenal pressures recorded with a 16-lumen manometric assembly incorporating a pyloric sleeve sensor. Plasma cholecystokinin was measured from blood collected at regular intervals throughout the infusion. At the end of each infusion the manometric assembly was removed, subjects were offered a buffet meal and the energy and macronutrient content of the meal was measured. Both ID lipid infusions stimulated isolated pyloric pressure waves (IPPWs) (P < 0.001) and basal pyloric pressure (P < 0.01) and suppressed antral (P < 0.05) and duodenal (P < 0.05) pressure waves when compared to controls; there was no difference in the effects of CID and PID lipid on antropyloroduodenal pressures. Infusions of lipid significantly increased plasma CCK concentrations (P < 0.05) compared with saline, but concentrations were not different between the two modes of lipid delivery (P > 0.05, CID vs. PID). Both intraduodenal lipid infusions decreased hunger (P < 0.05), increased fullness (P < 0.05) and reduced energy intake (P < 0.05) when compared with controls; again there was no difference between CID and PID lipid. We conclude that at the infusion rate of similar 2 kcal min(-1), the acute effects of intraduodenal lipid on antropyloroduodenal pressures, plasma CCK concentration and appetite are not modified by a pulsatile mode of lipid delivery into the duodenum.|
|Keywords:||motility; pylorus; sensation|
|Description:||The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com|
|Appears in Collections:||Medicine publications|
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