Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/97696
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Type: Journal article
Title: Essential interventions for child health
Author: Lassi, Z.
Mallick, D.
Das, J.
Mal, L.
Salam, R.
Bhutta, Z.
Citation: Reproductive Health, 2014; 11(Suppl. 1):S4-1-S4-12
Publisher: BioMed Central
Issue Date: 2014
ISSN: 1742-4755
1742-4755
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Zohra S Lassi, Dania Mallick, Jai K Das, Lekho Mal, Rehana A Salam and Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Abstract: Child health is a growing concern at the global level, as infectious diseases and preventable conditions claim hundreds of lives of children under the age of five in low-income countries. Approximately 7.6 million children under five years of age died in 2011, calculating to about 19,000 children each day and almost 800 every hour. About 80 percent of the world's under-five deaths in 2011 occurred in only 25 countries, and about half in only five countries: India, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Pakistan and China. The implications and burden of such statistics are huge and will have dire consequences if they are not corrected promptly. This paper reviews essential interventions for improving child health, which if implemented properly and according to guidelines have been found to improve child health outcomes, as well as reduce morbidity and mortality rates. It also includes caregivers and delivery strategies for each intervention. Interventions that have been associated with a decrease in mortality and disease rates include exclusive breastfeeding, complementary feeding strategies, routine immunizations and vaccinations for children, preventative zinc supplementation in children, and vitamin A supplementation in vitamin A deficient populations.
Keywords: essential interventions; child health; children
Rights: © 2014 Lassi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
RMID: 0030038048
DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-11-S1-S4
Appears in Collections:Medicine publications

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