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Type: Theses
Title: Hadrons and quarks in dense matter: from nuclear matter to neutron stars
Author: Whittenbury, Daniel Leslie
Issue Date: 2015
School/Discipline: School of Physical Sciences
Abstract: The underlying theme of this thesis is an investigation of the equation of state of strongly interacting matter and the modelling of cold neutron stars. Particular emphasis is placed on the influence of quark degrees of freedom, which we investigate by using relativistic quark level models. More precisely, we study the equation of state for QCD matter in the zero temperature limit, from the confined hadronic phase to the deconfined quark phase. We begin by exploring the equation of state for nuclear matter in the quark-meson coupling model, including full Fock terms. The comparison with phenomenological constraints can be used to restrict the few additional parameters appearing in the Fock terms which are not present at Hartree level. Because the model is based upon the in-medium modification of the quark structure of the bound hadrons, it can be readily extended to include hyperons and to calculate the equation of state of dense matter in beta-equilibrium. This leads naturally to a study of the properties of neutron stars, including their maximum mass, their radii and density profiles. Next, we study deconfined quark matter using the three flavour Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model based on one-gluon exchange. The model is implemented by employing Schwinger's covariant method of proper time regularisation. Comparisons are made with the more commonly used three momentum regularised model with the t' Hooft determinant term. Hybrid equations of state are constructed using the developed Hartree-Fock quark-meson coupling and Nambu-Jona-Lasinio models. We consider the possibility that deconfinement may be a crossover transition. Using the resulting hybrid equations of state, the properties of hybrid stars are then calculated.
Advisor: Thomas, Anthony William
Williams, Anthony Gordon
Young, Ross Daniel
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Physical Sciences, 2015
Keywords: nuclear matter
neutron stars
quark matter
hybrid stars
equation of state
phase transitions
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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