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Type: Theses
Title: Metamaterial-inspired structures for microwave and terahertz applications
Author: Ebrahimi, Amir
Issue Date: 2016
School/Discipline: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Abstract: Electromagnetic metamaterials are engineered materials that exhibit controllable electromagnetic properties within a desired frequency range. They are usually made of periodic metallic resonant inclusions with dimensions much smaller than the operational wavelength. Since their introduction, they have found many applications from the microwave frequency range up to the terahertz and optical ranges. One key advantage of metamaterial lies in their sub-wavelength resonators making them suitable for miniaturisation of RF circuits and components. This thesis investigates applications of metamaterial-inspired resonators and structures to design improved devices and components operating at either the microwave or terahertz frequency range. The first part of the dissertation is on the design of miniaturised microwave filters for integrated portable RF systems. Dual-mode metamaterial resonators are proposed as alternatives to conventional resonators for size reduction of the RF filters. In the second part, the focus is on the design of compact metamaterial sensors with improved functionalities. Complementary metamaterial resonators are proposed for designing microfluidic sensors with improved sensitivity and linearity. The designed microfluidic sensors have been tested and verified for dielectric characterisation of chemical and biological solutions. A wide dynamic-range displacement sensor has been designed based on a microstrip-line-coupled complementary electric- LC (ELC) resonator. Furthermore, a rotation sensor is designed with coupled U-shaped resonator with a dynamic range of 180°, where the sensor linearity is improved by asymmetrically tapering the resonators shape. The third part focuses on the design of microwave and terahertz frequency selective surfaces (FSS) based on metamaterial miniaturised elements. Tunable and dual-band FSSs are proposed for reconfigurable and multi-standard microwave communications. Eventually, miniaturised-elements are used to design second-order FSSs at the terahertz frequency range. The simulation and measurement results confirm a harmonic-free and stable frequency response of the designed FSSs under oblique incidence angles. Overall, the research outcomes in this thesis suggest the efficiency of metamaterial resonators for the design of sensing and communications devices with improved performance over a wide frequency range from the microwave up to terahertz.
Advisor: Al-Sarawi, Said Fares Khalil
Withayachumnankul, Withawat
Abbott, Derek
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 2016.
Keywords: filters
frequency selective surface
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exceptions. If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
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