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Type: Journal article
Title: Establishment of human induced trophoblast stem cells via reprogramming of fibroblasts
Author: Tan, J.P.
Liu, X.
Polo, J.M.
Citation: Nature Protocols, 2022; 17(12):2739-2759
Publisher: Springer Nature
Issue Date: 2022
ISSN: 1754-2189
Statement of
Jia Ping Tan, Xiaodong Liu and Jose M. Polo
Abstract: During early mammalian embryonic development, trophoblast cells play an essential role in establishing cell-cell interactions at the maternal-fetal interface to ensure a successful pregnancy. In a recent study, we showed that human fibroblasts can be reprogrammed into induced trophoblast stem (iTS) cells by transcription factor-mediated nuclear reprogramming using the Yamanaka factors OCT4, KLF4, SOX2 and c-MYC (OKSM) and a selection of TS cell culture conditions. The derivation of TS cells from human blastocysts or first-trimester placenta can be limited by difficulties in obtaining adequate material as well as ethical implications. By contrast, the described approach allows the generation of iTS cells from the adult cells of individuals with diverse genetic backgrounds, which are readily accessible to many laboratories around the world. Here we describe a step-by-step protocol for the generation and establishment of human iTS cells directly from dermal fibroblasts using a non-integrative reprogramming method. The protocol consists of four main sections: (1) recovery of cryopreserved human dermal fibroblasts, (2) somatic cell reprogramming, (3) passaging of reprogramming intermediates and (4) derivation of iTS cell cultures followed by routine maintenance of iTS cells. These iTS cell lines can be established in 2-3 weeks and cultured long term over 50 passages. We also discuss several characterization methods that can be performed to validate the iTS cells derived using this approach. Our protocol allows researchers to generate patient-specific iTS cells to interrogate the trophoblast and placenta biology as well as their interactions with embryonic cells in health and diseases.
Keywords: Cells, Cultured
Cell Culture Techniques
Cell Differentiation
Octamer Transcription Factor-3
Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors
SOXB1 Transcription Factors
Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Cellular Reprogramming
Description: Published online: 14 October 2022.
Rights: Copyright © 2022, Springer Nature Limited. Springer Nature or its licensor holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.
DOI: 10.1038/s41596-022-00742-2
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Appears in Collections:Medicine publications
South Australian Immunogenomics Cancer Institute (SAIGENCI) publications

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