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Type: Journal article
Title: In utero Programming of Allergic Susceptibility
Author: Grieger, J.
Clifton, V.
Tuck, A.
Wooldridge, A.
Robertson, S.
Gatford, K.
Citation: International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology, 2016; 169(2):80-92
Publisher: Karger
Issue Date: 2016
ISSN: 1018-2438
Statement of
Jessica A. Grieger, Vicki L. Clifton, Astrud R. Tuck, Amy L. Wooldridge, Sarah A. Robertson, Kathryn L. Gatford
Abstract: Background: Around 30-40% of the world's population will experience allergy, the most common and earliest-onset noncommunicable disease. With a steady rise in the incidence of allergic disease over recent decades, up to 18% of children will suffer a respiratory, food or skin allergy before their 18th birthday. There is compelling evidence that the risk of developing allergy is influenced by early life events and particularly in utero exposures. Methods: A comprehensive literature review was undertaken which outlines prenatal risk factors and potential mechanisms underlying the development of allergy in childhood. Results: Exposures including maternal cigarette smoking, preterm birth and Caesarean delivery are implicated in predisposing infants to the later development of allergy. In contrast, restricted growth in utero, a healthy maternal diet and a larger family size are protective, but the mechanisms here are unclear and require further investigation. Conclusion: To ameliorate the allergy pandemic in young children, we must define prenatal mechanisms that alter the programming of the fetal immune system and also identify specific targets for antenatal interventions.
Keywords: Placenta
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
Disease Susceptibility
Risk Factors
Maternal Exposure
Immunity, Maternally-Acquired
DNA Methylation
Epigenesis, Genetic
Dietary Supplements
Infant, Newborn
Rights: © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel
DOI: 10.1159/000443961
Grant ID:
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